PART TWO - The Iberian Horse in Brazil

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photo of the "Stud Book"

 
 
 

In 1991 the Brazilian Lusitano Horse Breeders Association - ABPSL, that succeeded the Andalusian Association after the separation of the Lusitano and Spanish Stud Books - signed an agreement with the Portuguese Lusitano Breeders Association. According to this, all Lusitanos bred in Brazil are automatically accepted by the Portuguese Stud Book and by all the Associations of all the countries that have a similar agreement with Portugal. The Brazilian Lusitanos are then universally accepted.

...All the Brazilian horse breeds were formed from horses brought by the Portuguese colonizers and from those that entered South America following the migration wave started in Central America and described in the previous chapter. In Brazil the Iberian horse formed the Mangalarga and the Campolina breeds.

...The Mangalarga was bred in Minas Gerais by Gabriel Francisco Junqueira, baron of Alfenas. In 1821 King D. Joćo VI gave Junqueira a present in the form of the Alter Real Stallion Sublime and the Baron used it to cover a group of Crioulo mares.

... The Campolina dates back to 1840 and is named after the farmer Cassiano Campolina who initiated his horse breeding activities in the South of Minas Gerais using stallions imported by the same D. Joćo VI for the Coudelaria Real of Cachoeira do Campo.

...Little is known about the Lusitano horse in Brazil after its royal introduction last century. It was only in 1974 that it reappeared, brought from Portugal by Mr Antonio de Toledo Mendes Pereira founder of the Brazilian Andalusian Horse Association.

More important than quantity is the quality of the Brazilian breed, which is inferior to none. This exceptional result was obtained with the acquisition of some of the best animals from Portugal and the high technical development of horse breeding in Brazil.

...In June 1995 the Brazilian Association had 163 members. By the end of 1995 the Brazilian Stud Book had about 3,500 Pure Lusitanos registered, two thirds of them born in Brazil. There are now more Lusitanos in Brazil than anywhere else in the world. More important than quantity is the quality of the Brazilian breed, which is inferior to none. This exceptional result was obtained with the acquisition of some of the best animals from Portugal and the high technical development of horse breeding in Brazil.

 
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